Category Archive : Sharing Article

Beyond the Corporation: Humanity Working

[Download pdf ebook] Beyond the Corporation: Humanity Working

The Article : * Beyond the Corporation is a book for our times. Offering inspiration and vision in the wake of financial Armageddon, it is the story of ordinary people who share the ownership of the businesses where they work.* The enterprises come in all sizes: from companies employing just a few dozen people, to large corporations: John Lewis in the UK, employing 70,000 ‘partners’; Mondragon, a highly entrepreneurial group of over 100 businesses in Spain, employing more than 100,000; and many examples in the US, some employing tens of thousands. It would be hard to imagine a better informed, more involved or more enthusiastic set of employees – sharing the efforts of making their companies successful, and sharing all of the rewards. Unusually in the corporate world, they control their own destinies – a situation beyond the dreams of most working people.* Erdal takes a hard look at those who insist, in the teeth of the evidence, that shared ownership will never work – a sorry tale, he argues, of prejudice masquerading as economic thinking. The book contains detailed case studies as well as interviews with a range of people, whose inspiring stories of success fly in the face of received wisdom. These successes include: high levels of productivity; sustained rapid growth; fast-moving, innovative responses to changing worlds; high levels of investment aimed at long-term prosperity; and, above all, the sheer happiness employees experience in working together in businesses that they own together, sharing the wealth that they create. * At a time when the ‘orthodox’ corporate economy has been badly shaken, Beyond the Corporation makes essential reading.

Decency is essential in the communication of every day life. It helps us make strong relationship with others and make us come across as a very light, clever and likable particular person. Everybody loves to be in an organization of such person. Household helps convey decency into our life which is important to lead a happy life.
The Effects Of Panic Assaults On Household, Work And Health

As your physique misses out on a lot needed sleep, the organs and body aren’t in a position to restore and rejuvenate themselves as they need to. This cannot be sustained over a protracted time period and can, evidently, take its toll in your total health. It’s common for people who are disadvantaged of sleep to show to synthetic stimulants like caffeine to make it through the day and depressants like alcohol to sedate themselves in the night. All of this only provides to the stress your physique is experiencing and can solely help to cause more assaults, each awake and asleep.

Kids & Child To Teen, Clothes & Equipment

In contrast to most nations, meal time in France is a little more formal. four. OFFER TO BUY. Going to the grocery store after my daughter was killed in a automotive crash took all the braveness I had. I might meet buddies on the retailer and burst into tears after they expressed sympathy. Offer to select up some groceries for the family the next time you shop. Inform them when you’ll deliver the groceries.

Anlegen einer Personalakte (Unterweisung Industriekaufmann / -frau): Modifizierte 4-Stufen-Methode und Lehrgesprauml;ch (German Edition)

(Download pdf ebook) Anlegen einer Personalakte (Unterweisung Industriekaufmann / -frau): Modifizierte 4-Stufen-Methode und Lehrgesprauml;ch (German Edition)

Book Snippet : Unterweisung / Unterweisungsentwurf aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich AdA Kaufmauml;nnische Berufe / Verwaltung, Note: 85 Punkte (gut), , 0 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das Thema der Unterweisung lautet: “Anlegen einer Personalakte” und umfasst somit sect;4 Abs. 1 Nr. 7.2 Personaldienstleistungen, b) Aufgaben der Personalverwaltung einschlieszlig;lich Eintritte und Austritte bearbeiten gemauml;szlig; des Ausbildungsplans fuuml;r den Ausbildungsberuf des Industriekaufmann/-frau.

Last Saturday we went to my brother David’s home for a block celebration. After the conflict, my mother, Doreen used to go in all places together with her brother Eric after they were in their teenagers. Although they used to argue quite a bit after they were younger, they had been also finest mates. Doreen used to stay up for Eric, as a result of he was not an aggressive individual. Eric said she, my mother, ought to have been a boy as a result of she was so robust. So when Eric was older, he also stayed at Auntie Lils, and Uncle Arthurs in the summertime holidays. Doreen additionally once stayed with Eric for every week – albeit within the lady’s dormitory – at an orphanage in Frodsham. So we’re not conscious of Eric complaining about any of his life in an orphanage. Little question wartime was difficult for everybody, but he turned out to be an informed, well-spoken gentleman, with many clever associates.

Playing with toys could also be kids stuff but you’ll be able to by no means underestimate its power to stimulate your kid’s creativity. Quite than simply defining family by a dictionary definition, each particular person ought to look to define a household by his own requirements, enriching the dictionary’s definition. You possibly can have a number of households in your lifetime, even several families at once if you choose. Regardless of the way you select to define your loved ones unit, whether it’s conventional or unique, your definition is of the household unit that works for you. Because the saying goes, “Family is what you make it.” Whether or not made of blood kinfolk, mates, or pets, or a mix of those, your loved ones can give you the help you have to thrive.

Discover out what your rights are in case your relationship has broken down, for example whether or not you possibly can keep in the family house or who the children should dwell with. You can even learn the way to take care of things like making a will, registering a delivery or changing your identify, and the place else to go for help.

There are two situations right here. The first situation is the place the marijuana addict is conscious of their problem and needs to stop, but hasn’t been capable of. The positive thing in regards to the first state of affairs is that you’ll be able to brazenly discuss in regards to the concern and provide help towards the common purpose of quitting. The second situation is the place the marijuana addict doesn’t wish to admit that they’ve an issue or just a perception that they’ve an issue with weed. They could say that folks love we, and there’s no method that they wish to stop. On this case, the highway to recovery is way rockier.
Bereavement Overload

Thomistic Principles and Bioethics (Routledge Annals of Bioethics)

[Mobile pdf] Thomistic Principles and Bioethics (Routledge Annals of Bioethics)

Description : Alongside a revival of interest in Thomism in philosophy, scholars have realised its relevance when addressing certain contemporary issues in bioethics. This book offers a rigorous interpretation of Aquinas’s metaphysics and ethical thought, and highlights its significance to questions in bioethics. Jason T. Eberl applies Aquinasrsquo;s views on the seminal topics of human nature and morality to key questions in bioethics at the margins of human life ndash; questions which are currently contested in the academia, politics and the media such as: When does a human personrsquo;s life begin? How should we define and clinically determine a personrsquo;s death? Is abortion ever morally permissible? How should we resolve the conflict between the potential benefits of embryonic stem cell research and the lives of human embryos? Does cloning involve a misuse of human ingenuity and technology? What forms of treatment are appropriate for irreversibly comatose patients? How should we care for patients who experience unbearable suffering as they approach the end of life? Thomistic Principles and Bioethics presents a significant philosophical viewpoint which will motivate further dialogue amongst religious and secular arenas of inquiry concerning such complex issues of both individual and public concern.

Cooking could seem easy. Allow the meat to soak in the juices once you take away it from the fire. Maintain it covered for at the least fifteen minutes and serve it hot. If you need you would fry or brown the meat fast over a fireplace. Nonetheless, stop it from getting over cooked. No matter you do, you still have to permit it to rest earlier than serving it.

For an afternoon snack, let’s have nachos. This pretty much solely requires so that you can open the bag and dig in. For dinner, I’ve chosen the pepper steak with noodles. It’s type of a no brainer to have a small salad as your facet. You might additionally go for purple pepper slices or, if you wanted something ready made, cottage cheese. This as soon as will be microwaved or boiling water might be added to it.

All ranges have a decrease burn fee than fires , but there are also special ranges which offer decreased burn charges. These can work along side the cooking gauntlets. Unless the participant is cooking one thing with one hundred% success fee, it’s endorsed to use these the place doable to decrease the amount of burnt meals. The beneficial vary to prepare dinner on for members is within the Hosidius Kitchen , usable after gaining 100% Hosidius favour This range grants a 5% increased likelihood to successfully prepare dinner meals (10% if elite Kourend and Kebos diary completed) and may be very close to a bank chest.
Cooking With A Gasoline Grill

Tomato season is brief, so a lot of the 12 months, when market tomatoes are pale and mealy, we rely nearly solely on ones from cans, which are picked when ripe and canned immediately. It is summertime trapped in a tin. However not all canned tomatoes are created equal, and a few have additives that may mess up a recipe. Study more about which ones to decide on, then dive into our archive or recipes from soups to bruschetta to pasta sauces galore.
5 Cooking Strategies Common To African Delicacies

Who Is Minding the Federal Estate?: Political Management of America’s Public Lands

(Mobile library) Who Is Minding the Federal Estate?: Political Management of America’s Public Lands

Book Snippet : Sewage seeping into creeks, crumbling cabins and disintegrating roads, dilapidated visitor centers, catastrophic wildfires: these are some of the sights awaiting visitors to federal lands today. Federal agencies in charge of the public domain call for more support in the form of taxpayer dollars while constantly seeking to add to their holdings; environmental groups call for increased restrictions on land use and resource development; private citizens call for a return to the good old days of crisply tended, crime-free, and unspoiled national parks. All, it seems, overlook the sad fact that the existing federal estate is in terrible shape, badly maintained and managed, and with no immediate hope for improvement. Will more money, more restrictions, more regulations address the problems that plague America’s public domain? No: Rather, real improvement requires reform of the managing institutions.Who Is Minding the Federal Estate? is a book intended for any reader with an interest in improving the condition of our public lands. It begins by examining the origins of the federal estate, which, though originally intended to be a temporary clearinghouse, now comprises a third of the U.S. landmass. The book describes the evolution of laws governing that estate and of the public conception of wildernessonce thought to be abundant and in need of taming, now considered to be inviolable and even sacrosanct. In non-technical prose that draws on economic theory and empirical analysis, it systematically investigates patterns of federal land managementand, more to the point, mismanagement. The book closes by offering a set of alternatives that will improve stewardship of the federal estate both by incorporating more private initiatives and by freeing those lands from the grasp of politicians who come and go in favor of a sustainable, long-term management ethic. These alternatives come unshackled by policies that lead to disasters such as the recent and ongoing epidemic of massive fires sweeping the forests of t

Our pre-built, customizable e-mail automations make it easy to connect with the proper individual at the right second—with out doing the work each time. Delight your prospects and maintain your model top of mind with welcome automations, joyful birthday messages, and order notifications.

The British Business Bank and The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) have created new content to assist companies which are dealing with monetary and operational challenges on account of the coronavirus outbreak.
AT&T Business Homepage

Pengelola Bisnis adalah fitur Facebook yang membantu mengatur dan mengelola bisnis Anda. Saat Anda bergabung ke Pengelola Bisnis, rekan kerja tidak bisa melihat profil Fb pribadi Anda, kecuali Anda menyetujui permintaan pertemanannya. Rekan kerja hanya bisa melihat nama, alamat e-mail kantor, serta Halaman dan akun iklan yang bisa Anda akses.

Masukkan detail bisnis Anda dan klik Kirim. Whether it is showing up when people search, rising your buyer base, or streamlining the way you run enterprise, we can show you learn how to attain your next objective. Anda bisa memposting foto dan penawaran ke profil Anda untuk menampilkan keunikan bisnis Anda, dan memberi pelanggan alasan untuk memilih Anda setiap waktu.
Types Of Businesses

Careers for Geniuses Other Gifted Types (McGraw-Hill Careers for You)

[Read now] Careers for Geniuses Other Gifted Types (McGraw-Hill Careers for You)

Book Description : Careers for Geniuses and Other Gifted Types lets career explorers look at the job market through the unique lens of their own interests. The book reveals dozens of ways to pursue a passion and make a living–including many little-known but delightful careers that will surprise readers.

1. Bulldozers – Bulldozers are huge machines that are used largely in the building and mining industries. Bulldozers have the ability to elevate and move huge quantities of dirt and other particles from one place to another. Bulldozers can operate in lots of conditions together with snow, hail and rain. These items of kit are generally used to dig up the bottom and supply room for constructing houses or different kinds of buildings.

In 1932, two New Yorkers, Theodore Baumritter and his brother-in-regulation Nathan Ancell, based The Baumritter Corp, which was a house wares gross sales agency. For those who answered Yes to a number of of these questions, your organisation’s personal devoted Open Badge Passport is the proper answer. Passport’s format might be branded in line with the organisation’s wants and badges issued there might be partly public (may be shared online) and partly closed or they are often fully closed. It is usually sooner and more effective to seek for specific specialists through issued badges in your own Passport.

In case you think that you can’t afford commercial vinyl flooring for all of the rooms in your home, it is advisable that you just use bizarre vinyl tiles for rooms that are not often used or have low foot visitors, such because the guest room. However it is a good suggestion to use industrial vinyl merchandise for the kitchen, bathroom and different rooms which can be usually occupied or frequented.

Autoclaves are the sterilization equipment of choice in hospitals and laboratories. They are also used in dentistry, veterinary medicine, development and analysis of food production and prescribed drugs facilities. Large and small autoclaves could be utilized wherever contemplating the sterilization of the equipment is important to ensuring the result of the method, the security of public and particular person like in business which supply body piercing and tattooing companies.

The House in Southeast Asia: A Changing Social, Economic and Political Domain (Nias Studies in Asian Topics, 28)

[Free] The House in Southeast Asia: A Changing Social, Economic and Political Domain (Nias Studies in Asian Topics, 28)

In the event you want to own designer clothing, first it’s worthwhile to assess your wants and the money on your pockets or in your bank account. Such a clothing could possibly be only for a standing symbol. Keep in mind that you must pay for the standard of a product and from the model. Many clothing are costly due to their designer manufacturers. But you may also see different clothing that’s quality and comfortable that isn’t as expensive as some clothes. Whenever you gown up for consolation then designer clothing is just not for you. But if you assume you might purchase expensive clothing with out feeling responsible after you spend then go forward and provides yourself a treat.

The Fulani girls wear brilliant flowing robe-like garments and gold hoop earrings to mark their fashion and their region. In every area of Africa, the type and colors of clothes are a mirrored image of whom you might be and the place you are from. As an example, in certain parts of Nigeria, red is seen as a threatening color which can solely be worn by chiefs. The colour is believed to maintain evil away. In other regions, crimson is the colour of accomplishment or success. Adinkra cloth is worn typically at funerals and farewells. Dark colored adinkra material in brick pink, brown or black symbolizes demise. Alternately, vivid coloured adinkra material in white, yellow or blue is worn for festive or completely satisfied events. Adinkra cloth remains to be very fashionable in Ghana right now.

At Lands’ Finish, you can shop our girls’s clothing catalogs or our browse our womens clothing online. The fashion in our society has plenty of negative impression on students. They only take into consideration new fashion and this result in spending of a giant amount of money. Subsequently, they don’t seem to be in a position to turn into aware of other important needs of life. It all the time distracts them from research. As soon as a method or fashion gets in a development, it’s immediately chased by scholar group regardless of the truth that how much trouble it results in. Alternatively they are caught within the confusion of fashion attributable to affect of society. To follow a certain fashion, one has to undertake some actions and to take action some students transcend their limits simply to draw their surroundings. Eventually they develop into hopeless as a substitute of being ingenious and suffered from depression for being inside fashion. Then again, it’s also a thought that the cash spending on Fashion might be spent for numerous different functions like charity and serving to the poor.

The templates are important for the right presentation of the designer’s inventive skill. The templates should be chosen in line with the theme of the attire prepared for display. If the template chosen for a selected designer attire or accent is just not right, it would give a misrepresentation of the theme and the concept of the design, and have a damaging impact on the marketability of the design.
Shop Ladies’s Garments & Fashion On-line

Book Note : Explores the concept of ‘house’ in the context of Levi-Strauss’ idea of the house as a link between kinship-based societies and class societies, developing this further into an examination of a conjuncture of architecture, people and symbolism.

Pinterest for Business: The Basics: eBook Short: Task-Specific Solutions for Business Entrepreneurs

[Mobile pdf] Pinterest for Business: The Basics: eBook Short: Task-Specific Solutions for Business Entrepreneurs

Snippet : Designed to save you time, this ebook short offers a digestible action plan for setting up camp on this new social playground. In minutes, learn step by step how to set up a magnetic account as an individual or business, master the fundamental features for building a community, and basic tools for engaging users. This shortrdquo; is designed to acquaint you with the power of Pinterest.Topics covered include: The ins and outs of signing up and getting started on Pinterest Building boards that get noticed, drive traffic and convert fans into customers How to become a content creator and curator Strategies for creating an enthusiastic following Best practices for engaging the Pinterest community Pinterest etiquette

NYT Cooking is a subscription service of The New York Times. It is a digital cookbook and cooking guide alike, accessible on all platforms, that helps home cooks of each level discover, save and arrange the world’s finest recipes, while also serving to them turn out to be better, more competent cooks. Subscribe now for full entry.
Cooking Live Lobster

In contrast to foodborne gastrointestinal (GI) viruses like norovirus and hepatitis A that often make folks ill by means of contaminated food, SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, is a virus that causes respiratory sickness and never gastrointestinal illness, and foodborne exposure to this virus will not be known to be a route of transmission.

That is lengthy, slow cooking in just a little liquid. This can be a good method of cooking, as cheaper and tougher items of meat will be cooked with other components to make them and better flavored. Stewing should be accomplished in a pan with a lid, as foods change into tender more easily in a closed pan the place the steam cannot escape too simply. It is usually an easy method of cooking as very little consideration is required when the meals is slowly stewing.

They will proceed to play a significant role as a result of many foodstuffs found on the continent are greatest prepared on this method. For example, dried foodstuffs almost always need to be boiled first. 3. To improve the looks of meals, as uncooked meat or fish is objectionable to some people.

Foreign Direct Investment in Post-Crisis Korea: European Investors and ‘Mismatched Globalization’ (Routledge Advances in Korean Studies)

[Ebook free] Foreign Direct Investment in Post-Crisis Korea: European Investors and ‘Mismatched Globalization’ (Routledge Advances in Korean Studies)

However, even in conventional face-to-face dating, there are blind dates and group dating, which might be equally risky and horrifying. In this case, the particular person does not know with whom they’re going out with and the unknown is always dangerous. Hence, it’s all the time essential to know the individual with whom you are going on a date.

The fact that she is driven by wealth and success would not make her a nasty particular person or grasping. It merely implies that she’s decided to get what she desires, and he or she expects you to do the identical. The main drawback together with her previous relationships is that the majority males aren’t tremendous with her schedule. Should you could be someone who is cool about her work agenda, then she is going to view you in a positive mild.
Romantic Relationships

Original pace dating events in London usually begin at 7.30pm. You will need to register with our hosts and to start with they may issue you with a score sheet. This will aid you to keep track of the singles that you just wish to meet once more and perhaps go on a date with. After a brief period of mingling, your host for the evening who will run by means of detailed directions and give you your starting position in case you are a man or table for the event in case you are woman.
Betrothal Vs. Dating

The dating course of then again, teaches about having intercourse and the necessity to feel a certain approach in a relationship. When somebody says they’re dating someone, they almost definitely imply, they are having intercourse with them. That’s what dating is. The dating process goes one thing like this: when you’re dating someone and you don’t really feel in love or ecstatic with jubilation concerning the particular person you’re with anymore, you possibly can just dump them and bounce into the following relationship that feels good to you. This behavior of dating and sexual cohabitation is meaningless and worthless. It doesn’t educate in regards to the ideas of affection nor educate easy methods to respect and honor somebody.

Description : In this book Judith Cherry analyses the impact of economic and cultural globalization on efforts to promote inward foreign direct investment (IFDI) in South Korea over the past four decades. The book traces the development of Korean IFDI policy from one of restriction and control to one of encouragement and promotion. Specifically, it focuses on the challenges inherent in reforming the lsquo;softwarersquo; of IFDI promotion (socio-cultural issues, mindsets and perceptions) as opposed to changing its lsquo;hardwarersquo; (systems, laws and regulations). Although the Korean government has made sustained efforts over the past decade to enhance Korearsquo;s attractions as a host for inward investment, it has faced significant challenges in improving Korearsquo;s IFDI performance. The discussion in this book of the wide range of transparent and non-transparent barriers that continue to hamper efforts to promote inward investment draws not only on the Korean debate concerning strategies for maximizing the benefits of IFDI, but also on the assessment of the Korean business and investment environment revealed in interviews conducted with European investors and officials in Seoul. Foreign Direct Investment in Post-Crisis Korea will appeal to students and scholars of international business, economics and globalization, as well as those with a more general interest in Korean society.

Sind arme Menschen weniger Wert als reiche? Der Wert quot;statistischer Lebenquot; / Are Poor People Worth Less Than Rich People? Disaggregating the Value of Statistical Lives (German Edition)

[Ebook pdf] Sind arme Menschen weniger Wert als reiche? Der Wert quot;statistischer Lebenquot; / Are Poor People Worth Less Than Rich People? Disaggregating the Value of Statistical Lives (German Edition)

Description : Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich BWL – Recht, Note: 1,7, Universitauml;t Hamburg (Institut Recht der Wirtschaft), Veranstaltung: Seminar zur ouml;konomischen Analyse des Rechts, 9 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: […] In diesem Zusammenhang wird mit dem bdquo;Wert eines statistischen Lebensldquo; derErfolg pro statistisch gerettetem Leben bezeichnet. Bei dem bdquo;Wert einesstatistischen Lebensldquo; handelt sich hierbei um ein Konzept, dass eben die monetauml;reBewertung von statistischen Leben ermouml;glichen soll.Mittlerweile besitzen solche ouml;konomischen Kosten-Nutzen Analysen, die sich aufdie Bewertung des menschlichen Lebens mittels dieses Konzeptes stuuml;tzen, invielen Staaten Praxisrelevanz. In den folgenden Kapiteln werden Zusammenhauml;nge rund um das Konzept bdquo;Wertdes statistischen Lebensldquo; dargestellt: Ausgehend von einer theoretischenErlauml;uterung des bdquo;Wert eines statistischen Lebensldquo; sollen aktuelleUntersuchungsergebnisse vorgestellt und neuere Entwicklungen der Disziplinaufgezeigt werden. Dabei wird mit Bezug auf den Titel dieser Arbeit auch auf dieFrage einzugehen sein, ob im Kontext des Wertes eines statistischen Lebens armeMenschen weniger wert sind als reiche Menschen.Die folgende Betrachtung des Konzeptes bdquo;Wert eines statistischen Lebensldquo; nimmteine rein immanente Perspektive ein, und diskutiert nicht, ob dieSchlussfolgerungen dieser Theorie, bzw. diese selber mit den moralischen undverfassungsmauml;szlig;igen Grundsauml;tzen unserer Gesellschaft evtl. in Konflikt stehen.

As soon as you’re able to hit your private home workshop, you will have to have the inventory of all the components with quick life spans, corresponding to bulbs, fuses, belts, chains, and other substitute parts, as per your ability-set and availability of instruments and machinery. You’ll be able to simply discover discount auto components at several online shops devoted to auto parts. All it is advisable to do is locate one of the best names within the enterprise utilizing any search engine and make your choice based on the value comparability.

Computerized Technique: On a restoration centre it usually occurs which our funds rates goes not right and we experience to be in heavy decline. At present the restore facilities give pre – repair funds quotes. the laptop method analyzes automobile that was whole plus there’s a report ready that is without cost. With assistance from which buyer change into acquainted with concerning the damages, the repairs expected and as well as regarding the remaining charge.

You may also wish to think about bundling your California auto insurance coverage with a family member to save money. It will give every of you a multi-automobile discount, and it will show you how to set up loyalty with an auto insurance coverage company. There are some restrictions as to who can bundle companies collectively, so don’t assume you’ll be able to just get a decrease rate by sharing a pal’s policy. You’ll have to explore these particulars additional with your specific insurance coverage firm. They might or may not provide a giant savings through a bundling service.

And finally banner ads present an advantage higher than Search Engine Optimization in that through SEO the prospective customer has to know the publish of your product in order to track you down. However behind banner advertising every they have to attain is click on your ad and they’re sharply transported to you product instruction page.

Ideas, Interests and Foreign Aid (Cambridge Studies in International Relations)

[Read ebook] Ideas, Interests and Foreign Aid (Cambridge Studies in International Relations)

Finding the placement of the GPS is pretty troublesome however when you locate it you can deactivate it by simply pulling out the fuse. Driving a vehicle built-in with a GPS can enable another to track you. You’ll be able to keep away from this case by diffusing the system geared up within the gadget.

Paid Search: You can pay for advertisements on Google. That method when folks seek for “Restore Outlets in Los Angles,” theyll find your repair store in the paid search commercials. This is an effective technique to drive traffic to your corporation.

2. consent to not-so-big search engines.

This begins with understanding the actual necessities of coverage and evaluating this to what you are feeling that you as a driver may want. Some people feel as if all they want is the lowest degree of coverage available, as that is additionally the least costly, nevertheless it doesn’t cover all that much.

Snippet : Why do countries give foreign aid? Although many countries have official development assistance programs, this book argues that no two of them see the purpose of these programmes in the same way. Moreover, the way countries frame that purpose has shaped aid policy choices past and present. The author examines how Belgium long gave aid out of a sense of obligation to its former colonies, The Netherlands was more interested in pursuing international influence, Italy has focused on the reputational payoffs of aid flows and Norwegian aid has had strong humanitarian motivations since the beginning. But at no time has a single frame shaped any one country’s aid policy exclusively. Instead, analysing half a century of legislative debates on aid in these four countries, this book presents a unique picture both of cross-national and over time patterns in the salience of different aid frames and of varying aid programmes that resulted.